Book Reviews

The Spire by William Golding – obsessed by a vision

As he gazed out of his classroom window towards Salisbury Cathedral , the author William Golding considered the technical challenges of constructing its 404 foot spire. The result was his 1964 novel The Spire, an intense narrative about a man who believes he has a God given mission to build a magnificent spire on top of a cathedral, bringing glory to the town and its people closer to God.

Dean Jocelin brooks no argument in his determination to fulfill his mission. Despite warnings from the master builder Roger Mason, that the foundations are not strong enough to support the spire’s weight, he presses on relentlessly. He will not stop even when the supporting columns protest, “singing” as they bend under the strain. Nor when his fellow members of the Cathedral chapter complain that celebrants can no longer hear the services amid the banging and clattering way above their heads.

Jocelin ceases to care. He neglects his religious duties and stops praying. All his waking hours are devoted to spurring the workmen on to build higher and higher, even climbing up the scaffolding himself to help their endeavours.

The Spire is a novel about a man obsessed with fulfilling a vision and reckless about the effect this will have on himself and others associated with the project. His threatening behaviour towards the master builder drives the man to drink and attempt suicide. Jocelin himself is increasingly afflicted by a burning heat in his spine, which he interprets as the visitation of an angel that alternatively comforts and torments him when construction of the spire falls behind schedule.

It’s a masterful piece of fiction even if at times it’s not always clear what is happening. Golding’s narrative uses a stream of consciousness technique, showing events through the eyes of Jocelin, a narrator who becomes increasingly unreliable as he feverishly pursues his vision.

His unreliability is particularly evident in the way he believes his motives are pure and sinless yet he is prey to immoral thoughts, particularly towards Goody Pagnall, the wife of a crippled cathedral servant. He initially saw her as his daughter in God but as the novel progresses he becomes wracked by sexual desire, triggered by the sight of her red hair.

The whole project is in fact tainted. The workmen are not God-fearing men engaged in act of devotion but coarse and bawdy men who mercilessly ridicule Goody’s husband. There’s a suggestion that the Cathedral itself rests not on hallowed ground but oozing mud from which the forces of hell escape and taint the structure above.

Workmen and Cathedral staff are fearful of what Jocelin has unleashed but in a further indication of his descent into hallucinatory irrationality, he sees only beauty.

Everywhere, fine dust gave these rods and trunks of light the importance of a dimension. He blinked at them again, seeing, near at hand, how individual grains of dust turned over each other, or bounced all together, like mayfly in a breath of wind. He saw how further away they drifted cloudily, coiled, or hung in a moment of pause, becoming, in the most distant rods and trunks, nothing but colour, honey-colour slashed across the body of the cathedral … He shook his head in rueful wonder at the solid sunlight.

This is the second time I’ve read The Spire. It’s so rich in imagery, symbolism and metaphor that it can be challenging to absorb in one reading. I understood the way Jocelin’s degrading spine connects to the instability of the spire and the significance of Goody’s red hair. But I’m still puzzled about the meaning of the mistletoe placed within the corpse of one character and which Jocelin scrapes off his shoes with disgust.

I found it a challenging book to read yet a completely engrossing portrayal of obsession and mental degeneration

The Spire by William Golding: Footnotes

Golding apparently struggled to write this novel and went through several versions before publication in 1964. It was originally intended to have two settings but the modern day elements were dropped so the finished novel is entirely set in the Middle Ages in an unnamed town. I’d be interested to see Golding’s handwritten manuscript notes which are at the University of Exeter‘s Special Collections archive along with the typescripts.

I bought this book while taking a short break in Salisbury a few years ago. The flat we rented had a window directly facing the cathedral so I did spend quite some hours just like Golding, gazing in wonder at the spire.

It’s taken a while to get around to reading it but the #20booksofsummer 2021 project gave me a good reason to take it off the shelves. I’m counting it as book number 12 in my #21in21 project to read 21 books from my TBR by the end of the year.


What do you need to know about me? 1. I'm from Wales which is one of the countries in the UK and must never be confused with England. 2. My life has always revolved around the written and spoken word. I worked as a journalist for nine years then in international corporate communications 3. My tastes in books are eclectic. I love realism and hate science fiction and science fantasy. 4. I am trying to broaden my reading horizons geographically by reading more books in translation

13 thoughts on “The Spire by William Golding – obsessed by a vision

  • Pingback: The Good, The Bad but Nothing Ugly – Halfway Through 2021 : BookerTalk

    • Hope you have a good head for heights. I don’t so reading those descriptions of the climb up to the roof made me dizzy

  • I’m now challenged to read this, not least because of wandering about the significance of the mistletoe! A fine review, thanks, that does its job of informing, but not too much, and intriguing … in just the right amount.

    • Thanks Chris. I find it such a challenge to avoid giving a lengthy summary of the novel in any reviews I write.

  • Your last sentence reminds me of the mental disintegration of the awful Reverend Colley, tormented by sailors, in Rites of Passage, the first part of Golding’s Sea Trilogy.

    • Great connection! Yes the way he was treated was appalling.

  • I read this book years ago with the Guardian Reading Group and had a chance to ask Golding’s daughter a question at the end of the month. Many participants did not like the book because the protagonist is not likeable, but I thought it was a very sad and tragic story in the end. Jocelin acquired his job through a family connection and was otherwise completely ill-equipped for the role. He had neither the intelligence or the faith—the spire he sees as his purpose. (He came to mind often during the Trump Presidency.) Because the narrative is a very narrow 3rd person, every event and conversation is filtered through the Dean’s increasingly distorted, self-centred mind. The reader has to read past that to try to understand what is happening.(“The Inheritors” uses a similar technique.)

    Golding’s daughter said that this book was very important to her father and its poor reception on its release was very painful. I thought it was brilliant; I am probably due for a reread myself.

    • So true about the filter through which we see what is happening to Jocelin, it did make it challenging at times to understand and I had to do a fair amount of re-reading. But it was so worth it.
      I’m aways bemused when I hear people say they didn’t enjoy a book because the main character wasn’t empathetic – that’s not a deterrent for me at all. I can appreciate the characterisation even if I don’t like the character.

  • Oh, I have to read this one, I really like Golding. All those years I knew nothing about him except for Lord of the Flies! I have to make up for lost time.

    • I’d forgotten how much I had enjoyed this book first time around. The descriptive passages are superb but its the characterisation that makes this book so memorable. Well worth giving it a go Lisa


We're all friends here. Come and join the conversation

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.