The Paying Guests by Sarah Waters
Though I like to support authors from my home country of Wales, Sarah Waters is one writer that hasn’t grabbed me as yet. I was put off her first novel Tipping the Velvet when I learned the central character is a music hall star (I’m a straight drama girl and shudder at the prospect of any stage performances involving music). I did give Fingersmith a go but found it rather dull. With that poor track record you might well wonder how I came to end up reading her most recent novel The Paying Guests? The answer is quite simple – my mother who pressed it upon me after her reading group raved about it. Our tastes rarely coincide so I opened it without a great deal of enthusiasm and probably wouldn’t have bothered except for the fact it’s set in 1920s Britain which is a period that fascinates me.
This is a time when, as a consequence of the Great War, the old constraints of gender and class began to break apart. Waters depicts this through a mother and daughter who, robbed of their men folk, find it increasingly difficult to maintain the standards they had enjoyed as members of a moderately wealthy genteel strata of society. Widow Mrs Wray and her spinster daughter Frances are driven by economic necessity to find paying tenants (they are far too refined to call them lodgers) for rooms in their large sprawling villa in the Camberwell district of London. The idea is anathema to Mrs Wray’s middle-class sensibilities but with her husband gone and her sons dead, there is little choice. The house is crumbling around them, Frances tries to wages a daily war against grime and dust but it’s more than she can manage alone and they simply cannot afford to pay for a servant.
Frances does have her moments of doubt when the Barbers first move in.
The thought that all these items were about to be brought not the home – and that this couple who were not quite the couple she remembered, who were younger and brasher who were going to bring them and set them out and make their own home, brashly, among them – the thought brought on a flutter of panic. What on earth had she done? She felt as thought she was opening the house to thieves and invaders.
At first Len and Lilian Barber do little to disturb the household other than creating awkward little moments when they have to go through the kitchen to use the outside loo or when Frances is discovered on her knees scrubbing at the hallway tiles, looking every inch a charwoman instead of a well-bred and educated woman. Len Barber is an unpleasant figure with his leering behavour, his boorish attitude towards his wife and his regular boasts about his burdgeoning career in the insurance business. His wife ‘Lil’ is a vivacious creature who horrifies Mrs Wray by sleeping until late, using all the hot water for her bath and then floating about in a brightly coloured kimono. But Frances slowly finds herself drawn to Lilian and her liberated, brash ways. An affair ensues with disastrous consequences. As the two women try to resolve the situation they discover their standards of decency, loyalty and courage dissolve in the face of their fear of discovery.
Did I enjoy The Paying Guests?
Yes, in part. The first part that is.
This is the part which establishes the characters and leads to the torrid affair between Frances and Lilian. It’s full of convincing detail about the stultifying nature of Frances’ life from which Lilian provides a liberation. A frequenter of political meetings in the past, the intellectual side of her life has become closed in by the walls and furniture of the house she shares with a mother who cannot let go of the past. The ‘scuffs and tears she had patched and disguised; the gap where the long-case clock had stood…the dinner gong, bright with polish, that hadn’t been rung in years’ become symbols of the confinement she feels within the house. Where once she had enjoyed a deep and loving relationship with another woman, now her only escape is the occasional bus trip to visit a friend in another part of the city. Such is her life until the day Lilian walks through her door. With her brash outlook on life, her scissors, curling tongs and dressmaker’s eye, Lilian reawakens the old Frances, transforming her physically and emotionally.
Waters dramatises with considerable effect the idea that women in this period began to consider how to take control of their destiny and to reshape their lives in a new social order. If only this had continued to be the substance of the second half of the book. Unfortunately Waters changes tack and instead of a novel about relationships and social change we get more of a thriller with a death, a police investigation and a courtroom drama. This drags on interminably with ever more twists and turns and plenty of tears and recriminations. Frances’ passion and pain is entirely believable but since we don’t have access to Lilian’s inner voice, the exploration of her character is rather lacking in substance.
Not a dud by any means but I could have done with more fizz and sparkle in the second half.
17 thoughts on “The Paying Guests by Sarah Waters”
This was the first of Waters’ novels that I read, a year ago. Like you, I found the courtroom drama in the second part less interesting, though it was evident that Waters had done her homework and the case was based, at least in part, in historical fact. I found the setting – the house, the shabby clothing – utterly convincing. I could almost smell the house!
that house was indeed very well portrayed. I’ll probably read some more by Waters , this one wasn’t her best apparently so am curious what other delights are available
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Fingersmith made a good miniseries I think but I haven’t read it. I did really like her The night watch. Very interestingly structured and a moving story about war time London. I then read The little stranger and found it an enjoyable and intriguing read about England’s social change from being being “run” by the upper class to a more “democratic” world, but it wasn’t so exciting that it’s pushed her next books ahead of the pack. I’ve heard her speak (live) and she comes across as a lovely person. She’s a good story-teller, but I’m looking for different things in my reading I’d say.
I love the way Waters plays with genre elements in her novels (crime in this case, and the supernatural and horror in books like ‘Affinity’ and ‘The Little Stranger.’) I personally prefer her gothic-inflected novels with TLS being my favourite. If you ever feel like giving her another try, that’s the book I recommend.
I had been wondering whether to give this a try. Good review. Sounds thematically similar to The Little Stranger which I loved. Though that included elements of the supernatural. I also enjoyed Fingersmith though it was a little tedious
you might well like it Penny if you’ve read some of her previous works and appreciated them
I read this a few months ago and my thoughts were very much the same as yours. I enjoyed the first half and was interested in the relationships between the characters, but the second half almost felt like a different book!
I enjoyed this book until the end. The last couple of hundred pages with the trial felt rushed, like she didn’t know how to end the book.
Interesting that neither of us liked the ending yet you thought it was rushed and I thought it was protracted!
I’ve only read Fingersmith and found it a bit underwhelming. Perhaps I expected too much of it considering the rave reviews. I’ve marked this one Want to Read at Goodreads, which for me means I’ve got it on my TBR but I don’t remember buying it. I might have a look and if I find it, and on the strength of your review, consign it to the Op Shop. That would give me some much needed room on the W shelf….
It’s a relief sometimes isn’t it when you can find ways to make gaps in the stacks
‘Too gentile’? Surely you mean ‘too genteel’. Thanks for the review – I don’t think I’ll bother with this one!
i hate automatic spelling correctors!! Thanks for spotting this
I’ve only read Fingersmith which I enjoyed very much so I suspect I might like her more than you. Very nice review as usual!
You probably would Jen. If it had been shortened I think my overall reaction would have been more positive