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A Gentleman in Moscow by Amor Towles #bookreview

gentleman_in_moscowIn Amor Towles’ A Gentleman in Moscow, the Russian Revolution is a few years old but the country is still in a state of upheaval. The ruling bodies are on a mission to root out individuals whom they consider to be a destabilising force. Their attention turns to Count Alexander Rostov, a suave and handsome member of the aristocracy who has gained a reputation as a poet but whose work is considered counter-revolutionary by the Emergency Committee of the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs.

Only his connections with some high-ranking officials save him from being stood in front of a wall and shot. Instead, after declaring him to be a “Former Person” , the Committee sentence the count to imprisonment in Moscow’s Hotel Metropol. It’s the city’s foremost hotel, an Art Deco edifice place frequented by the rich and famous, bureaucrats and foreign visitors. As befitting his status and love of the finer aspects of life, the count has been a regular guest at the Metropol, occupying the elegantly furnished suite 317 from which he can look upon the Bolshoi Theatre.

His new abode will be considerably more modest; a miniscule attic room whose ceiling slopes so acutely it’s difficult for the new occupant to stand to his full height. Into this disused servant’s quarter, the count crams some of his favourite pieces of fine furniture: two high back chairs, an oriental coffee table, a Louis XVI desk, two table lamps fashioned from elephants and his grandmother’s favourite set of porcelain plates.

It’s in this cell that he will live for the next forty years.

The insularity of this setting seemed one that would pose considerable challenges for both writer and reader. A Gentleman in Moscow is a long novel with more than 400 pages of small text and not much white space. I started reading with some trepidation. Could this book sustain my interest when the central character never goes anywhere?

The answer is unquestionably yes.

Unable to send his count out into the world, Towles makes the world come to the count. Effectively he makes a whole new world out of the hotel, one peopled by a multitude of colourful characters. Actresses preen in the lobby, overseas journalists get drunk in the bar; members of the ruling elite plot and scheme and architects dream of one day being allowed to design more than just residential tower blocks. Other more permanent characters are the people who make this haven a special place: the barber who does not permit political talk within his salon; the moody chef who has to work magic with cauliflower and cabbage when other food becomes scarce and the bar staff who keep the candlelight glowing and glasses twinkling. And then there is Nina, a child of nine who has discovered more about the hidden corners and spaces of the hotel than the count ever dreamed existed. With the aid of a skeleton key she unlocks for him the secrets of the Metropol.

No character is as engaging or enticing as the count however. He’s a man who adopts a philosophical stance to the limitations of his new residence. Convinced that “by the smallest of one’s actions one can restore some sense of order to the world.”  he determines on a path that will enable him to live a full and rich life. He adopts a few rituals; a weekly visit to the barber, a daily perusal of the newspapers in the lobby;  dinner in the Metropole’s prestigious Boyarsky restaurant and squat exercises every morning (the number of repetitions he achieves diminishes every few years). He lives according to the principle that, “If one did not master one’s circumstances, one was bound to be mastered by them.” And so he hits on a means to double the size of his room; kicking through into a closet to create a study.

As the years progress he proves to be the epitomy of the perfect gentleman; intelligent and charming; uncomplaining about his confinement and generous with his time and advice about the correct pairing of wine and food. He builds a camaraderie with the chef and maitre d’ that sees them plot how to beg and scrounge the ingredients for a perfect bouillabaisse. He is on first name terms with Marina the hotel seamstress whose help he needs when his trousers split. He even stands in loco parentis to the daughter of young girl.

Meanwhile the revolution lumbers along. It disrupts the smooth running of the hotel to the dismay of the staff who pride themselves on their professionalism. The quality of service which has been the hallmark of the Metropol is threatened. First,  the government decrees, in accordance with the spirit of egalitarianism, that labels must be removed from all the wine bottles in the hotel cellar. Then the overbearing manager nicknamed The Bishop (a Soviet stooge) introduces a new procedure  for taking, placing and billing of orders in the restaurant.  This procedure involves a lot of paperwork:

Henceforth … when a waiter took an order, he would write it on a pad designed for this purpose. Leaving the table, he would bring the order to the bookkeeper, who, having made an entry in his ledger, would issue a cooking slip for the kitchen. In the kitchen, a corresponding entry would be made for the cooking log, at which point the cooking could commence. When the food was ready for consumption, a confirmation slip would be issued by the kitchen to the bookkeeper, who in turn would provide  a stamped receipt to the waiter authorising the retrieval of the food. Thus a few minutes later the waiter would be able to make the appropriate notation on his notepad confirming that the dish which had been ordered, logged, cooked and retrieved and was finally on the table.

Towles can’t resist the opportunity to highlight the idiocies of the Soviet system but that doesn’t mean he completely ignores its darker side.  His unnamed narrator acknowledges that the 1930s was a difficult time for Russia with famine, housing shortages, constraints on artists and regular purges of undesirable individuals. Closer to home, the count’s friend Mishka feels the weight of censorship of the arts and literature and Nina, an enthusiastic supporter of  collectivisation, sees at first hand the savagery of Stalin’s plans for agriculture.  When her husband is arrested and sentenced to hard labour she feels compelled to follow him to Siberia, leaving her small daughter Sofia in the Count’s care and protection.

With the exception of  twist in the final section of the novel, there are no big dramatic turns of events. The delight is in the development of the characters.  I loved the many touches of humour but also the more reflective passages where the count recalls his childhood spent on a large family estate outside of the city and his relationship with his  friend Mishka, a poet. A Gentleman in Moscow is a beautifully paced novel, packed with detail and atmosphere that is a joy to read.


About the author Amor Towles was born and raised in Boston, USA. He worked as an investment professional for many years before devoting himself to writing. A Gentleman in Moscow was published in 2016. It is his second novel.

Why I read this book: Quite simply because I saw several very positive reviews of this during 2017. If you want a second opinion on just how good this book is, take a look at these reviews:

Karen at kaggsysbookishramblings 

Lisa at ANZLitLovers


What do you need to know about me? 1. I'm from Wales which is one of the countries in the UK and must never be confused with England. 2. My life has always revolved around the written and spoken word. I worked as a journalist for nine years then in international corporate communications 3. My tastes in books are eclectic. I love realism and hate science fiction and science fantasy. 4. I am trying to broaden my reading horizons geographically by reading more books in translation

28 thoughts on “A Gentleman in Moscow by Amor Towles #bookreview

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  • Not sure if I’m misunderstanding, but is the Count allowed to leave his tiny room, or do people come to him? At first, I had to double check if this was a FictionFan post due to the Russian topic! Reading Russia, she is. Your review did remind me of one thing: you noted how polite the Count is, that he is a true gentleman. Do you remember in the Flannery O’Connor short story “A Good Man is Hard to Find” when the grandma says thank you to the men who are helping her get organized so they can shoot her in the woods?

    • He can go anywhere inside the hotel (hence with the child Nina he goes into the cellars and rooms where they keep the banqueting crockery etc). But if he steps outside he will be arrested and executed. That O’Connor story rings a faint bell but its ages since I read it

  • I just finished this a couple weeks ago and really enjoyed it also. My book club is reading it for next month as well as its being the February pick of The Andrew Luck Book Club. After reading a ways into it, I was not at all surprised that his debut book was titled “Rules of Civility” – the Count is the poster child for that term!

    • oh yes, I never made the connection between civility and gentleman. (bangs head in shame). Our book club read it and all enjoyed Gentleman in Moscow

  • I went into this with the same trepidation as you but it was an absolute delight to read and such an interesting way of covering forty years of Russian history.

    • I loved those digressions in the footnotes. It was a good way to introduce the historical aspect without spoiling the flow of the narrative

  • One of my favourite books from last year. Loved it and Towles’s debut Age of Civility too.

  • I agree with you and all the others who have read it and commented here. Just goes to show there are many ways to deal with an oppressive regime, though I could not help thinking about the millions of others who were not so fortunate.

    • The collectivism philosophy was certainly responsible for a lot of suffering. Just like the Great Leap Forward in China

  • It *was* a joy to read, wasn’t it? Love how he balanced the lightness of parts with the darkness of others, showing how adaptable we humans can be. One of my highlights of last year!

    • I’d heard one or two people say they found it dull to the point they couldnt finish it. I was astounded by that – it kept me hooked all the way through

  • You know what I loved about this book? All the things you said (of course!), and – the fact that the count works. He becomes a waiter, then a maitre d’, in the Boyarsky. He manages to move his ideas about how things “should” be done – the usual preserve of the ruling classes who have no clue about real life – into actually getting them done that way (at least until the advent of The Bishop. And sometimes even after that.) I thought that was a fantastic touch on Towles’s part.

    • That’s a great point Elle. I also appreciated the way he moved into that role without making any fuss about it or holding grudges

      • Exactly! How it functions as exactly the thing Rostov needs to restore order to his days.

  • Lovely review! This was my favorite book of 2016.

  • Jonathan

    I will read this book. It’s just my kind of book.

    • I’m surprised it didn’t pick up any awards or nominations because it was so good

  • Once again I am reminded I have this book on my shelf and need to read it. So many positive reviews about it. I need a good long book to read as currently listening to Richard Dawkins The God Delusion which is not great for bedtime listening. Good for driving though. Will get this book off the shelf today!!!

    • Oh yes it would be a great antidote to Dawkins. Towles includes some footnotes to give us insights into things like the reason Moscow has so many horrible tower block apartment buildings


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