Book Reviewshistorical fiction

Little by Edward Carey: Macabre Origins of Madame Tussaud

Little by Edward Carey

If you like novels that deliver down and dirty versions of history, you’ll love Little by Edward Carey. Heads are severed, rats run amok in the corridors of a palace and fleas breed in muck-strewn streets. Add to which are blood-dripping severed heads and decomposing bodies.

This isn’t some nightmare location of a horror novel. It’s how Paris is seen by Marie Grosholtz, an orphaned girl apprenticed to a maker of wax heads and bodies during the time of the French Revolution.

Never heard of Marie Grosholtz? I’m not surprised. As a child she was one of life’s nobodies; a plain, uneducated servant girl who lived in a tumbledown house in Paris that was once a monkey museum. You’ll know her better by the name she adopted after her marriage: Madame Tussaud. Yes that Madam Tussaud. The one who created one of the world’s most successful entertainment empires.

An Extraordinary Life Re-imagined

Little is Edward Carey’s imaginative version of Madam Tussaud’s early life. To describe it as an extraordinary life would be an understatement.

Orphaned at six, Marie became apprentice-cum servant to Doctor Curtius, an eccentric doctor in Switzerland, learning first how to draw the human body and then to make wax versions of diseased body parts. Moving to Paris she progressed to making wax human heads for display and was engaged as art tutor to the King’s sister.

Heroes and villains of the Revolution put their heads in her hands (some more willingly than others of course). Jean-Paul Marat; Rousseau, Diderot, Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, Robespierre and King Louis XVI to name just a few. .

An Unusual Narrator

She’s a brilliant narrator. This short-sighted, hook-nosed tiny figure has strong emotions and isn’t afraid to express them or to act upon them. She is not an evident supporter of the Revolution but her views about egalitarianism and equality would have found support in many quarters.

View a person without clothes, and that person could be anyone from any time, great or insignificant. The human body has changed very little over hundreds of years; no matter what you put over it, underneath it still looks the same. Clothe that person, however and you pin him down.

She even has the temerity to insist that her royal pupil looks beyond the clothes and accept that she and her servants have the exact same internal bodily organs and mechanisms.

Looking Beyond The Obvious

Marie has learned herself how to see beyond the obvious; to look beneath the skin as it were. And she puts this to good use to bring to life the people who inhabit the macabre world of revolutionary France. Marie doesn’t just write her own story, she draws it – her pencil sketches of people, some of their body parts, and occasional objects, appear throughout the book.

Together they provide some of the most entertaining elements of Little. King Louis XVI for example becomes a man with ” a fleshy underchin and womanly breasts all of which he stroked from time to time with his pudgy, knuckless hands.” Dr Curtius looks to the young Marie like a skeleton when she first sees him lurking in the shadows:

…. a very thin, long man. So long his head nearly touched the ceiling. A pale ghostly face; the meagre candlelight in the room trembled about it, showing hollows in place of cheeks, showing moist eyes, showing small wisps of dark, greasy hair.

She’s an equally acute observer when she turns her eyes upon the streets of Paris. She’d been told to expect a city full of culture and great minds. But what she sees is a city crowded with desperation and poverty.

One day as I was coming back from the market, I saw a mound in a ditch, some heap of rubbish, but when I came closer I saw hair upon one end. A head, a female human head, grey and fallen in, a body lying dead in the street and all the people walking by i and paying it no heed. A person all stopped, collapsed and ignored; a person of indeterminate age that had once dressed itself and been among us. This is Paris, I thought. Dead people punctuating the streets and no one to care for them.

Carey tells his tale with relish. I don’t mean that he wallows in the guts and gore but that he gives Marie a personality that is hard to resist. Little is a fabulous book, ingenious, unforgettable and unputdownable.

Little by Edward Carey: End Notes

Edward Carey was inspired to write Little because of his experience working at the museum. Entertainment Weekly has an interesting interview in which he talks about his research and why it took him 15 years to write Little.

Little is published by Aardvark Bureau, part of the Gallic Books Collective

The novel was longlisted for the International Dublin Literary Award, the RSL Ondaatje Prize and the Walter Scott Prize for Historical Fiction 2019


What do you need to know about me? 1. I'm from Wales which is one of the countries in the UK and must never be confused with England. 2. My life has always revolved around the written and spoken word. I worked as a journalist for nine years then in international corporate communications 3. My tastes in books are eclectic. I love realism and hate science fiction and science fantasy. 4. I am trying to broaden my reading horizons geographically by reading more books in translation

24 thoughts on “Little by Edward Carey: Macabre Origins of Madame Tussaud

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  • Not sure my last comment went through, so I will try again. I loved this story of Marie. It felt a bit like a Charles Dickens kind of story to me. I gave it 5 stars! Fun storytelling and wonderful historical fiction. Here’s my thoughts on it at:

    • I suspect it was the anti spam filter I’ve had to install that created the problem Susan. I kept getting masses of spam from Russia. We’re going to be discussing this book in our book club tomorrow

  • Ohh I liked this one and gave it 5 stars on Goodreads! It felt a bit like Oliver Twist with a Tale of Two Cities kind of tale. It was wonderful following the protagonist Marie. Here are my thoughts on the book :

  • This sounds like it is a good read. I’m all for books that focus on unusual or unknown parts of history so this is on my list.

    • Fortunately it’s balanced very well with some humour…

    • It’s great fun to read even if there is a lot of gore …

  • This has been in my TBR pile for a while and, judging by your review, I need to move it up to the top!

    • Well worth reading Cathy. The illustrations were a joy to look at

  • I didn’t expect to enjoy Little at all but it turned out to be one of my books of 2018. As you say, Marie is a brilliant narrator who has a pleasingly sly wit. Loved it!

    • I did feel sorry for her at times – she was such a poor mite with only a rubbish wooden doll to call her own.

  • What a fascinating book – and so bizarre. I’ve never even wondered about how the wax museum came about or that it was named after a real person, but then I’ve never been to Madame Tussauds.

    • I’ve never been either Margaret or had any interest in going frankly. I don’t see the attraction personally. But to find that it had its origins during the French Revolution was quite an eye opener

      • It doesn’t attract me either and rather ghoulish that the severed heads and decomposing bodies that was the inspiration!

  • O.K. you had me at the mention of Madame Tussaud. I’ve just put it on hold at the library. Good review, thanks for the tip.

    • I’d never heard of this book until it was suggested for our book club read. So glad it was. we’ll have an interesting discussion next week I think

      • I’m looking forward to reading it. We’ll have to compare notes.

  • Dan Friedman

    And the novel features Carey’s wonderful graphic illustrations.

    • They are indeed wonderful Dan. I had quite a few chuckles looking at her interpretation of the odd looking characters she met. The one she did of Madame Picolt was brilliant

  • Well, never judge a book by its cover, they say. I have often seen this cover, and had no desire to know what it was about. I’m so glad you presented it, I had no idea it was about Madame Tussaud. What a great find!

    • The cover of my version doesn’t speak to me very much either. I think they should have used one of the portrait illustrations instead ….


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