Book Reviews

Celebrate St George’s Day with English authors

St george's dayA few years ago a colleague asked me to recommend a novel or a writer that would epitomise England. It was a question I found nigh on impossible to answer at the time. The passage of years hasn’t made it any easier.  But in honour of St George’s Day today I thought I would revisit the topic.

I posed the same question in 2013 when I started my  world literature project and started with Reading the Prime Meridian (reading one novel for each of the countries through which the meridian runs). The  responses I received, which you can view here. I deliberately asked people to avoid recommendations for Jane Austen, Charles Dickens or George Eliot.  Of course they typify a certain side of England — if you want a view of life in rural and provincial England in the mid nineteenth century then who better than Eliot? Or if you want a picture of how urbanisation was changing the nature of the city, then Dickens is certainly your man.  All good choices and ones I suspect would be top of mind for many readers. But they give us only one facet of England. And one that is now a few centuries past.

What about something more recent? Evelyn Waugh was one suggestion. If we’re talking Brideshead Revisited then yes that would give us a view of the English gentry on the eve of World War 1. The stately home, fox hunting side of England if you like.

Other suggestions came from friends: Grahame Greene (Brighton Rock); Iris Murdoch (The Sea, The Sea); Peter Ackroyd (Hawskmoor, The Lambs of London), Ian McEwan . All good suggestions but I don’t see them as typifying England.

The more I thought about this and the more suggestions that came in, the more I realised that there was one aspect of England that wasn’t getting reflected at all. And that is the multicultural dimension. Visit London on any day and the number of accents you’ll here is astonishing – and I don’t mean accents of tourists or day visitors. I mean people who live and work in the city. Polish, Australian, Indian, Chinese, French, Arabic, Canadian … and those are just ones that I recognise. This isn’t a phenomena confined to London, you’ll get the same impression in Birmingham or Leeds.

Of course I can argue that it was ever the same – that England has long been home for people from outside the island. What we think of as Englishness today has much to do with invaders from the Roman Empire, from France and from the Nordic lands. They gave us straight roads (thank you Romans); influenced our language (more than 60% of the words we use in English today have a French origin) and many of our place names (the Viking name for York was Jorvik, any place name that ends in horpe  or thwaite derives from the Vikings). In the twentieth century Italians brought us ice-cream parlours and real coffee  (well before the likes of Starbucks) and Pakistan settlers introduced us to biryani and masalas.

If we want reading that truly reflects England today shouldn’t we look to writers who reflect that cultural diversity? I’m thinking Zadie Smith,  one of Granta‘s list of 20 best young authors, whose novel NW is set in a typical mixed London suburb and brings us the polyphonic nature of contemporary urban life.  it’s a novel about which the Telegraph critic said:

In a hundred years time, when readers want to understand what the English novel was capable of, and what English life truly felt like, they will look at NW, and warm to it.

So there you have it, one novel that could be said to represent England as the country stands today.





What do you need to know about me? 1. I'm from Wales which is one of the countries in the UK and must never be confused with England. 2. My life has always revolved around the written and spoken word. I worked as a journalist for nine years then in international corporate communications 3. My tastes in books are eclectic. I love realism and hate science fiction and science fantasy. 4. I am trying to broaden my reading horizons geographically by reading more books in translation

11 thoughts on “Celebrate St George’s Day with English authors

  • Good choice. I really liked NW. Of course, you can’t really sum up a whole country in one book, but I like the idea of avoiding the stereotypes of village and countryside to look at a Britain more familiar to a large proportion of the population.

    • I’m going to do a similar post to mark July 4 celebration in USA and suspect I will have just as big a challenge.

  • Pat Barker, especially the Regeneration Trilogy, comes to mind. I think she’s an absolutely brilliant writer.

    • I read the first part in the trilogy but haven’t got to others yet. One day I will ….

  • Pingback: Home again | BookerTalk

  • Interesting post. A book club I participate in read Smith’s NW and most found it difficult to muddle through. I intend to read it in the future. I’ll be interested to see what my reaction is to it. I don’t believe any ONE book can ever typify one whole “nation,” just because each region can vary, especially over time. But it makes for great discussion! And probably debate! 🙂

    • Ive seen many similar comments about NW Lynn. I’d agree it would be impossible for one novel to represent a nation – I suspect if we asked people in Russia or USA what ‘represented’ their countries we’d get similar differing opinions

  • When I think of Zadie Smith’s White Teeth (I haven’t yet read NW), I also think of Rose Tremain’s The Road Home, which bought a part of London to my understanding which I hadn’t known existed. I don’t read enough contemporary English lit to contribute meaningfully to the possibilities, but I agree it’s an interesting and important discussion to have and it’s too bad there aren’t more diverse options suggested when such questions are posed.

    • I don’t know that Tremain one but just looked it up and see that it’s about London from the point of view of an outsider which has me interested. Thanks for pointing it out to me.

  • Zadie Smith is exactly who i was thinking of. Of course then you get the whole question of regionalism. Painting a great picture of London, doesn’t necessarily fit the whole country. Sigh. Questions like this one are always tough.

    • Oh yes, regionalism puts a completely different perspective on the question. It would be interesting to pose the question for example to people living in say, Cornwall and Yorkshire to see if they came with vastly different answers.


We're all friends here. Come and join the conversation

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.